The Tribal Art Which Has Survived The Leverage Of Evolution And Technology- Warli Art

By Team Mojarto

India is a vibrant society where colour, noise, dance, and patterns are primary.
Decorating homes is not the latest process of the Homo Sapiens, but also our long-
forgotten sibling species, homo neanderthals. Drawings and paintings have been
imbued with the culture right from the times of neanderthals. Early humans used
drawings to record history and decorate homes. Their penchant for expressing art later
developed into different folk art forms with time and refinement.

Untitled by Balu Jivya Mashe

Warli art, born in the 10th century, was practised by the warli tribes of Maharashtra.
Along the northern lengths of the Sahyadri mountain ranges, the warli tribe flourished
with its unique cultural practices. One such significant tradition was decorating their
homes with drawings. The humans of this era were the true bearer of today’s so-called
modern-day philosophies: they were minimalists and naturalists who generally used
naturally available materials to decorate their homes. They truly believed in the
necessity of home decor and its impact. Every occasion and celebration, the warli-art
found an evident place in embellishing the setting, which spread the real enthusiasm.
Warli art was also a way of life. Originally, the art was done on walls by women of the
tribe. The wall was plastered with cow dung and red mud upon drying. The plastered
red mud acts as the canvas on which ground rice paste was used to draw.

Warli Painting-Tarpa Dance by Rashmi Puranik-Thete

The art mainly narrates stories of the social life of the tribe and their natural habitat. The
subjects are predominantly in daily life, actions, and movement. The content is both
ebullient and simple: warli paintings are dominated by rudimentary shapes like circles,
triangles, and squares. The square is seen as the central motif in folk art, which is
known as the chauk which further is of two types- Devchauk (God’s square) and
Lagnachauk (marriage square).


People and animal motifs were denoted by conjoining two inverted triangles, where the
upper triangle makes the torso and the lower triangle become the pelvis. A popular theme of the art is the “tarpa dance”, where tribal people dance in a circle during

More artworks are available at Mojarto